Go to content Go to menu

Know About The Chianti Classico Region In Italy And The Wine It Produces

Chianti is a type of wine that is produced in the region of Chianti in Tuscany, Italy. The story of Chianti takes us back to the thirteenth and fourteenth century when typical wine was produced in the area around Chianti Mountains near Florence. Production of wine or viticulture was practised by merchants of the towns of Gaiole, Radda and Castellina who formed the League of Chianti wine. According to records, Chianti wine used to be a type of white wine. In the present times, such wine usually comes in its red incarnation. Today, a large area around central Tuscany is recognised as the Chianti zone for specializing in the manufacture of Chianti wine.

The Chianti wine is associated with a typical and traditional way of packing. In early times, this wine was available in squat bottles which were packed inside straw flasks or baskets known as a fiasco. However, the tradition has somewhat diluted into a more standard and generalized way of modern packing. The core area where this type of wine is produced is called the chianti classico region. The area originally comprised towns of Radda, Gaiole and Castellina which were collectively called the Chianti Province. As more and more wine producers learnt the art of making this wine, the Chianti territory expanded.

Today, the Chianticlassico regioncomprises more than seventeen thousand acres of vineyards which stretch to parts of Florence in the north and Siena in the south. The wine that is produced from these regions bear the label of a ChiantiClassico wine. There are a number of regulations and standards those are to be met for a wine to become a ChiantiClassico.  A chianti farmhouse would have soil that is perfect for the growth of the specific types of grapes those are used in the production of this wine.

The wines which are branded Chianti Classico are wines produced from the region marked as Chianti Classico region. There are certain guidelines those are followed in the production of this wine to be called Chianti classic. Samples of wine from different sub-regions within the designated area have their own characteristic taste and aroma. The wine available in a chianti classico shop also mentions the name of the vineyard from where the wine comes. One of the basic requirements is to make the wine from Sangiovese grapes as the main variety of the fruit. It may be mixed with smaller quantities of other varieties such as Caniolo, and Colorino etc.

In accordance with the latest regulations, a sample of chianti classico wine should contain at least eighty percent of Sangiovese. Some varieties may be in purezza or have one hundred percent parts of Sangiovese grapes. The minimum Alcohol content that is required by the wine to be a classic is twelve percent. It is supposed to have a harmonious flavour with floral or fruity aroma and medium to high acidity levels. The wine must be aged for a minimum of twenty four months before being marketed. The more aged ones, reserved for thirty eight months or more are branded as Reserva.